Supplier Terms and Conditions
11 August 2023 REV. 3

    GENERAL: 3Dimensional Services Group’s Quality System is based on the requirements of
    AS9100 and IATF16949 in addition to the ISO9001 requirements. As a Supplier (Seller) to
    3Dimensional Services Group (Buyer), the Seller agrees to meet the following stipulations for
    AS9100/IATF16949 requirements for the purchase order or subcontract, hereafter referred
    to as the “Order”.
    1. Definitions – “Buyer” means the entity issuing the Order, and any affiliates, subsidiaries, successors or assigns thereof.  “Seller” means the person, firm or company to whom the Order is addressed. “Materials” means all the products to be supplied by Seller under the Order. “Services” means all the services to be performed by Seller under the Order.  “Order” means the purchase order issued by Buyer for the supply of Materials or performance of Services, which may be an oral communication or a written or electronic document, and may also include particular shipping instructions and/or other specifications required by Buyer for the Materials or Services.
    2. These terms and conditions, together with the Order, constitute an offer by Buyer to purchase the Materials and Services from Seller pursuant to the terms and conditions described herein.  This offer is not an acceptance or a confirmation of any previous offer or proposal from Seller, and this offer shall be deemed to be a rejection and counteroffer with respect to any previous offer or proposal from Seller.  Acceptance of any shipment of the Materials or performance of Services shall not be construed as an acceptance of any such previous offer or proposal or an acceptance of any different or additional terms proposed by Seller.  
    3. This offer shall become an “Agreement” upon acceptance by Seller. Seller shall be deemed to have accepted this offer by commencement of performance called for in the Order, by delivery of the Materials to Buyer, by written acceptance or confirmation of this Agreement, or by any other act or communication constituting legal acceptance, whether or not any such acceptance or confirmation purports to state terms additional to or different from those stated herein. Buyer hereby expressly objects to and rejects any such additional or different provisions, and none of such provisions shall be deemed to be a part of this Agreement unless specifically agreed to in writing by Buyer.
    4. Calibration – All Sellers providing calibration services shall be required to be compliant to ISO 17025 (or equivalent). All calibration certificates shall identify standards used and shall be traceable to NIST (National Institute of Standards Technology).
  1. Record Retention– The Seller is required to retain all records related to this Order, including but not limited to prints, specifications, objective evidence of the quality of any items supplied (manufacturing, assembly, inspection, physical/chemical test reports, test and special process records and material certification records) for a period of 50 years after the final payment. Records shall be made available to Buyer upon request and at no additional charge.
    1. Seller agrees to sell, transfer and deliver the Materials to Buyer and perform the Services for Buyer for the purchase price set forth in the Order, subject to all of the covenants, terms and conditions hereof.
    2. Buyer agrees to purchase the Materials and Services, subject to all of the covenants, terms and conditions hereof, and to pay Seller the purchase price set forth in the Order.  Typographical and other clerical errors in the Order are subject to correction. Buyer reserves the right at any time to modify the Order upon notice to Seller. Upon such notice, Buyer and Seller shall negotiate an equitable adjustment in price and/or time of performance.  Buyer shall have the right to stop all or part of the work under the Order or cancel any future delivery of any Materials upon notice to Seller.
    3. Seller agrees to obtain from Buyer an Order number for any and all Orders of Materials and/or Services.  Seller further agrees it will clearly reference the Order number on the applicable invoice(s). Seller acknowledges that any invoice submitted to Buyer that does not clearly reference Buyer’s corresponding Order number may be considered invalid by Buyer and may result in delayed payment.   
    4. Production and Service Provisions – The Seller shall control production and services by planning and carrying out production and services under controlled conditions, taking into consideration, as appropriate, processes controls to manage critical items, variable data as it applies to design, manufacturing and tooling, identification of in-process inspection/verification points when conformance cannot be verified at later stages of realization, and performance of special processes. Controlled conditions shall include, as applicable: a) information that describes the characteristics of the product, b) work instructions, c) suitable equipment such as jigs, fixtures, molds and software programs, d) monitoring and measuring equipment traceable to NIST, e) implementation of monitoring and measurement, f) implementation of product release, delivery, and post-delivery activities, g) accountability of all product during maintenance such as parts quantities, split orders and nonconforming product, h) evidence of completion of all inspection/verification as planned/required, i) provisions for prevention, detection and removal of foreign objects (including tools), j) monitoring and controlling utilities and supplies to the extent they affect conformity to product requirements (e.g.; water, compressed air, electricity, chemical products), k) clear workmanship criteria, l) compliance with standards, quality plans, manufacturers’ recommendations, customer specifications and or documented procedures, m) maintaining a list of approved maintenance process capabilities and/or ratings, n) assuring that maintenance operations does not adversely affect areas outside the scope of the planned maintenance; and o) utilization of equipment, tools and materials recommended in the technical data for the article or as equivalent as approved by the authority.
    5. Supplier Approval – The Seller is responsible for maintaining a Supplier Register with documentation to support their selection of subcontractors based on their ability to supply product that fulfill the Buyer’s Order, including, but not limited to, evidence of customer-approved processor status. The Seller is responsible for assuring their subcontractors holds the required approvals and certificates to provide the purchased product and for applying the appropriate level of control over the subcontractor’s performance to assure compliance with the Order. However, the Buyer does not permit the Seller to subcontract any portion of the Order without prior written approval from the Buyer’s Contract Representative.
    6. Corrective Action Request – Where product or process non-conformances are identified by the Buyer or its Customer, a Corrective Action Request (CAR) may be issued to the Seller. The Seller agrees to take appropriate and timely action to respond to the CAR with an acceptable corrective action plan, subject to Buyer approval, and to implement the required corrective actions. When the Seller does not provide a timely and/or effective corrective action plan, the Buyer will take appropriate measures such as, but not limited to, termination for default, withholding payment, removing Supplier from the Buyer’s Approval Supplier List, and/or legal action, as appropriate and solely at the Buyer’s discretion.
    7. If an Order shows on its face that it is placed in support of a DFAR or DFARS (Defense Federal Acquisition Regulations or Defense Federal Acquisition Regulations System) program or contract or if Buyer otherwise notifies Seller that an Order is placed in support of same (“DFARS Order”), the following clauses of the Department of Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (“DFARS Clauses”) apply and are incorporated herein by reference with the same force and effect as if set forth below in full text:
      DFARS 252.225-7008 and
      DFARS 252.225-7009 and
      DFARS 252.225-7010 and
      DFARS 252.225-7012
    8. All DFARS Clauses above are incorporated into the DFARS Order and must also be flowed down by Seller to all sub-suppliers that provide any articles delivered under the DFARS Order that include Specialty Metals. All such clauses provide the same definition of Specialty Metals and prohibit 3-Dimensional Services Group, Inc. and all of its suppliers at every tier from incorporating Specialty Metals into US Military parts, components and/or end item deliverables unless the Specialty Metals have been smelted (the deviation clauses add “or produced”) in the United States, its outlying areas, or a qualifying country listed in DFARS 252.225-7012. Exemptions to requirements of the above clauses may exist, as outlined in the clauses themselves, or by operation of applicable Department of Defense Domestic Non-Availability Determination (DNADS) posted on its public website for that purpose.
    9. Counterfeit and Suspected Unapproved Parts – Seller will reimburse Buyer for the entire cost of the Material that is not compliant with DFARS under a DFARS Order, even if the Material is in a machined state or has otherwise been converted by Buyer into another state. Further, in the event Material is not DFARS compliant, Seller shall be solely responsible for and shall indemnify, defend and hold Buyer harmless against any and all costs, expenses, liabilities and damages incurred by Buyer caused by or related to such noncompliance, including without limitation any penalties imposed upon Buyer and/or its related entities from either the U.S. Government (or applicable contracting authority) or their contracted suppliers. Seller agrees to support Buyer’s efforts to prevent the purchase of counterfeit or suspect/unapproved items and to ensure product identification and traceability. Buyer’s efforts to be supported by Seller may include without limitation implementing controls that require material verification and traceability such as Material Certifications, Certificates of Conformity, special test and inspections and/or other supporting documentation, all as may be further specified in the Order or requested from Seller by Buyer. Buyer’s failure to take such efforts will not relieve Seller of its obligations hereunder.To prevent the purchase of counterfeit or suspect/unapproved products and to ensure product identification and traceability (and for other reasons), the Buyer implements controls that include the requirement of material verification and traceability to include, but not limited to Material Certificates, Certificates of Conformity, special tests and inspections and/or other supporting documentation from the Seller as is appropriate, as specified in the Order. The Seller agrees to use commercially reasonable practices to prevent counterfeit work from being delivered to the Buyer. The Seller shall only purchase new and authentic materials to be used in products to be delivered to the Buyer directly from the Original Component Manufacturer (OCM) or Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM). Product shall not be acquired from distributors or brokers unless approved in advance in writing by the Buyer through the Buyer’s Contract Representative. Any counterfeit and Suspect unapproved parts received may be subject to GIDEP containment and reporting requirements.
    10. Right of Entry– The Buyer, its customers and regulatory authorities reserve the right of access to all supplier facilities, at any level of the supply chain, performing work on the Order and to all applicable records. The Seller is required to provide support in the form of labor, materials, information, tools and equipment necessary to execute verification and survey activities.
    11. Personnel Contribution – The Seller shall take all commercially reasonable measures to make Seller’s personnel aware of their contributions to and responsibility for product conformity and product safety as well as the importance of ethical behavior.
    1. Materials shipped and Services performed under this Agreement shall be invoiced at the price set forth in the Order.  Unless otherwise specified in the Order, payment of the purchase price shall be due sixty (60) days after the later of Buyer’s receipt of Seller’s correct invoice for such shipment of Materials or performance of Service or the date on which the Materials are received by Buyer or Services are rendered by Seller.  Seller agrees that it will take no adverse action against Buyer for any invoices not paid resulting from Seller’s failure to obtain or clearly reference Order numbers on the applicable invoices or accurately invoice Buyer. No increase of price is effective whether due to increased material, labor or transportation costs or otherwise, without the prior written consent of Buyer.
    2. The purchase price for the Materials and Services shall include all taxes, customs duties, customs fees or other governmental charges due with respect to the Materials and Services.  Buyer shall, however, pay for any taxes that it is statutorily required to pay. Seller shall provide Buyer with documentation satisfactory to Buyer that establishes Buyer’s statutory liability to pay such taxes.  If Seller fails to provide such documentation, Buyer shall not be obligated to pay any such taxes. 
    3. Seller shall be responsible for all shipping and insurance costs, including without limitation, packing, crating, cartage and freight costs. 
    4. Without prejudice to any other right or remedy it may have, Buyer may set off at any time any amount owing to it by Seller against any amount payable at any time by Buyer.
    5. Purchasing Information – The Seller shall maintain purchasing records for all procurement actions related to the Buyer’s Order that includes purchase orders that fully describe the product to be purchased, including, where appropriate, requirements for: a) approval of product, procedures, processes, and equipment, b) qualification of personnel, c) quality management system, d) identification and revision status of all technical documents, e) design, test, inspection, verification (including maintenance process verification), use of statistical techniques for product acceptance, and related instructions for acceptance, and as applicable critical items including key characteristics, f) test specimens for design approval, inspection/verification, investigation or auditing, g) regarding non-conforming product notification and disposition approvals, and notification of changes in product process, suppliers, manufacturing facility locations and for obtaining approvals thereof, and flow down of requirements to the sub-tiers, h) records retention, i) right of access, j) specific authority approval, k) format and content of the delivery documentation package, and l) conditions under which product malfunctions, defects and un-airworthy conditions have to be reported to the Buyer and appropriate concerned Stakeholders (Reference AS9110 8.4.3)
    1. Seller shall deliver the Materials in the quantities and on the date(s) specified in the Order or as otherwise agreed in writing by the parties. Seller shall deliver the Materials F.O.B. to the place designated for shipment by Buyer in the Order.  Seller shall follow any shipping instructions provided by Buyer and shall properly and carefully package the Materials for shipment. Any loss or damage, whenever occurring, which results from Seller’s improper packaging or crating shall be borne by Seller. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, title to and risk of loss of the Materials shall pass to Buyer only upon receipt of the same by Buyer, and any rightful rejection or revocation of any Materials by Buyer shall immediately shift the risk of loss of such Materials, wherever located, to Seller.  Seller agrees that any contrary provisions of Sections 2-509 and 2-510 of the Uniform Commercial Code shall not apply to this Agreement.
    2. All items shipped shall be properly identified with Buyer’s Order number and any Order item number or other identification number shown.  Seller accepts full responsibility for the completeness and accuracy of all transport and customs documentation (“Shipping Documents”) provided to Buyer.  Seller accepts any liabilities resulting from incomplete or inaccurate data on Shipping Documents or failure to comply with any import or export requirements.
    3. Seller shall furnish, at Seller’s expense, all labor, materials, equipment, transportation, facilities and other items that are necessary to meet the Order requirements. Time is of the essence in Seller’s performance.  Seller must immediately notify Buyer whenever Seller has knowledge of an actual or potential delay to the timely performance of the Order. In the event of Seller’s refusal or failure to meet the delivery or performance date(s) specified in the Order, Buyer may, without limiting its other rights and remedies, direct expedited routing and charge excess costs incurred thereby to Seller, or cancel all or part of the Order. 
    4. Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, Buyer shall have a reasonable opportunity to inspect the Materials after the same have been delivered to Buyer’s premises.  Buyer shall not be deemed to have accepted any such Materials until the expiration of such reasonable time for inspection. The parties acknowledge and understand that Buyer may inspect any commercial lot of the Materials consisting of numerous units of the same product by inspecting only a reasonable sampling of such units and that Buyer may revoke acceptance of any other units of such commercial lot which Buyer at a later time discovers to be defective.  Upon rejection or revocation of acceptance of any Materials, Seller promptly shall replace or correct, at Buyer’s option, any unsatisfactory units at Seller’s expense, including all shipping costs. If Seller fails to timely deliver replacement Materials, Buyer may replace them with materials from a third party and charge Seller the cost thereof. Buyer’s failure to inspect or reject Materials, or payment for Materials, shall not relieve Seller of any of its obligations hereunder or constitute a waiver of any of Buyer’s rights hereunder. 
    5. Products with a known expiration date will only be accepted by Buyer when received with a minimum of 80% of its shelf life remaining.  Any exceptions must be approved in writing by Buyer’s management. 
    1. Seller hereby warrants to Buyer that, in addition to any and all express and implied warranties provided under the Uniform Commercial Code, the Materials: (i) shall be provided in a competent, professional manner and in accordance with the highest standards and best practices of Seller’s industry; (ii) shall be free from defects in materials and workmanship, and shall be merchantable and fit for their particular purpose; (iii) shall conform to and perform in accordance with all specifications, drawings, samples and other requirements referred to in the Order and provided by Seller; (iv) when shipped shall be free from all liens, security interests and encumbrances of any type whatsoever; (v) shall not infringe or misappropriate any third party’s patent or other intellectual property rights; and (vi) shall be manufactured, produced, labeled, furnished and delivered to Buyer in full and complete compliance with all applicable laws and regulations, including, without limitation, the Robinson Patman Act, the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 as amended by Executive Order No. 11246 (Equal Employment Opportunity), Executive Order No. 11458 and 11625 (Utilization of Minority Business Enterprises), Executive Order No. 11701 (Listing of Job Openings for Disabled Veterans and Veterans of the Vietnam Era), Executive Order No. 11758 (Employment of the Handicapped), the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act of 1975, the Federal Hazardous Substances Act, the Federal Poison Prevention Packaging Act of 1970, the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970, the Toxic Substances Control Act, Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, any laws regarding slavery and human trafficking in any country in which Seller is doing business, and all rules, regulations, standards and rulings promulgated or issued thereunder, as from time to time amended, modified and/or superseded. Seller agrees to cooperate with any audit conducted by Buyer or at Buyer’s direction to confirm that the Materials are being generated without reliance on child labor, slave labor or human trafficking. Furthermore, as requested by Buyer, Seller agrees to execute and provide any and all information, documents and certifications reasonably required by Buyer pursuant to subsection (v) above, and use due diligence protocols, standards and procedures in its supply chain as are necessary to comply with its obligations herein. The foregoing warranties survive any delivery, inspection, acceptance or payment of or for the Materials by Buyer.
    2. Seller warrants to Buyer that it shall perform the Services using personnel of required skill, experience and qualifications and in a professional and workmanlike manner in accordance with generally recognized industry standards for similar services and shall devote adequate resources to meet its obligations under this Agreement.
    3. Seller shall give Buyer reasonable advance written notice of any production change related to the Materials, including but not limited to any change in the manufacturing process, formulation, raw materials or production location. For any change that could affect performance of the Materials, Seller shall complete any reasonable qualification processes of Buyer.
    4. Seller shall ensure counterfeit goods are not contained in the Materials delivered to the Buyer through the implementation of policies that include prevention, detection and risk mitigation methods to protect against the use of counterfeit parts. Seller shall purchase parts directly from the original equipment manufacturer (“OEM”)/original component manufacturer (“OCM”) or from a distributor authorized by the OEM/OCM. Procurement through an independent distributor or broker is NOT Authorized.
    1. Seller shall be deemed to be in default hereunder if it violates any of the terms hereof or fails to timely perform any of its covenants, duties or obligations hereunder, or if it performs or fails to perform any other act, whether pursuant to this Agreement or otherwise, which gives Buyer reasonable grounds to feel insecure with respect to Seller’s future performance hereunder.
    2. Upon default by Seller hereunder, Buyer may exercise any or all of the following rights and remedies, in addition to such other rights and remedies as may be provided hereunder or under applicable law: (i) Reject or revoke acceptance of any or all of the Materials, whether or not such Materials are defective and whether or not the condition of delivery thereof otherwise relates to, pertains to, concerns or gives rise to such event of default; and/or (ii) Terminate this Agreement without any obligation whatsoever with respect to Materials not yet delivered to Buyer at the time of such termination. Termination is effective immediately upon Buyer’s written notice to Seller. Buyer’s decision to pursue any one such remedy shall not be deemed to be an election not to pursue any other remedy at the same time or at any other time. 
    1. Seller shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless Buyer and Buyer’s subsidiaries, affiliates, successors or assigns and its respective directors, officers, shareholders and employees from and against any and all liabilities, injuries, damages, claims, deficiency, action, judgment, interest, award, penalty, fine, costs, losses or expenses, including reasonable attorneys’ fees, incurred or suffered by Buyer as a result of or in connection with Seller’s breach of any of its obligations hereunder or Seller’s negligence or any more culpable act or omission of Seller or its personnel. 
    2. Seller shall, at its expense, defend, indemnify and hold harmless Buyer against any and all damages, losses or expenses which Buyer may suffer or incur (including reasonable attorneys’ fees) arising out of, relating to or concerning any claim, action or allegation that any of the Materials (or the use of same in an intended manner) infringes any patent or intellectual property rights claimed by any third party; provided that Buyer shall notify Seller in writing of any such claim, act or allegation promptly after learning of the same and shall assist and cooperate in the defense or settlement thereof.  Such defense or settlement shall be at Seller’s sole expense, and Seller shall pay all damages and costs finally awarded against Buyer as a result of any such suit or proceeding. 
    1. For the duration of this Agreement and for three years following its completion or termination, Seller shall secure and maintain in effect, at its own expense, by insurance companies rated A-VII or better by A.M. Best, at least the following insurance coverage that will fully protect both Seller and Buyer: commercial general liability (including product liability and completed operations liability) in a sum no less than $5 million per occurrence, automobile liability with a minimum combined single limit of  $1 million per occurrence, and worker’s compensation in an amount no less than the applicable statutory minimum requirement and employer’s liability in an amount no less than $1 million per occurrence. The insurance Seller is required to maintain under this Agreement shall: (i) name Buyer and its affiliates, directors, officers, employees and agents (“Buyer Parties”) as additional insureds, (ii) be endorsed to provide a waiver of subrogation in favor of Buyer Parties, and (iii) be primary over any other insurance available to Buyer or any self-insurance program of Buyer. 
    2. Prior to delivery of any Materials or performance of Services, if requested, Seller will provide to Buyer certificate(s) of insurance evidencing that Seller maintains insurance in accordance with the foregoing requirements.  Buyer shall have no obligation to examine such certificate(s) or to advise Seller in the event the insurance is not in compliance with Buyer’s requirements. Buyer’s receipt and/or acceptance of certificate(s) not in compliance with Buyer’s requirements shall not be construed as a waiver of such insurance requirements, which constitute a material condition to this Agreement. Seller shall provide Buyer with written notice in the event of a cancellation or material change in Seller’s insurance policy. The insurance coverage and amounts to be maintained are not intended to and shall not in any manner limit or qualify the liabilities and obligations of Seller.   
    1. Nothing in this Agreement shall exclude or limit (a) Seller’s liability under Sections 5, 7 and 9(j) hereof, or (b) Seller’s liability for fraud, personal injury or death caused by its negligence or any more culpable act or omission of Seller or its personnel. 
    2. Seller shall prepare, maintain and retain adequate records, including production, shipping and quality system records indefinitely unless otherwise specified in Purchase Order. Seller must also prepare and maintain quality performance records indicating inspection and test results. Seller shall be able to provide reproducible copies of any requested record within forty-eight (48) hours of a written request from the Buyer.  
    3. In order to assess Seller’s performance under and compliance with the Agreement, including but not limited to Seller’s compliance with respect to pricing, specifications, warranties and certifications, Buyer and/or its designated representative(s) shall have the right upon reasonable notice to Seller to access and audit Seller’s facilities, books, records, goods and services related to the Agreement, Materials and Services.  The costs of any such audit will be paid by Buyer, unless the audit reveals any nonconformance by Seller, in which case Seller will promptly reimburse Buyer for the reasonable costs of the audit.     
    4. Seller shall comply with all applicable laws, regulations and ordinances. Seller shall maintain in effect all the licenses, permissions, authorizations, consents and permits that it needs to carry out its obligations under this Agreement. Seller shall comply with all export and import laws of all countries involved in the sale of the Materials under this Agreement or any resale of the Materials by Seller. Seller assumes all responsibility for shipments of Materials requiring any government import clearance. Buyer may terminate this Agreement if any governmental authority imposes antidumping or countervailing duties or any other penalties on Materials.
    5. This Agreement shall constitute the complete understanding and contract between Seller and Buyer with respect to the subject matter hereof and supersedes any prior or contemporaneous understandings, agreements, negotiations, representations and warranties, and communications, both written and oral. No purported amendment, modification or waiver of any provision of the Agreement shall be binding on Buyer unless set forth in a written document signed by an authorized representative of Buyer.  Any waiver shall be limited to the circumstance or event specifically referenced in the written waiver document and shall not be deemed a waiver of any other term of the Agreement between Seller and Buyer or of the same circumstance or event upon any recurrence thereof. No failure to exercise, or delay in exercising, any right, remedy, power or privilege arising from this Agreement operates, or may be construed, as a waiver thereof.
    6. Seller may not assign, transfer, delegate or subcontract any of its rights or obligations without Buyer’s prior written consent. Any purported assignment or delegation in violation of this Section is null and void. Seller is responsible for the performance or non-performance of any subcontractor and will indemnify, defend and hold harmless Buyer from and against all claims, actions, losses, damages, costs and expenses (including reasonable attorneys’ fees) arising from any subcontractor’s acts or omissions.   
    7. All notices, requests, consents, claims, demands, waivers and other communications hereunder (each, a “Notice”) shall be in writing and addressed to the receiving party at the addresses designated by the receiving party in writing. All Notices shall be delivered by personal delivery, nationally recognized overnight courier (with all fees pre-paid), facsimile (with confirmation of transmission) or certified or registered mail (in each case, return receipt requested, postage prepaid). Except as otherwise provided in this Agreement, a Notice is effective only if the party giving the Notice has complied with the requirements of this Section.
    8. If any provision hereof is held to be unenforceable by the final order of any court of competent jurisdiction, such provision shall be severed here from and shall not affect the interpretation or enforceability of remaining provisions hereof.
    9. This Agreement shall be governed by and interpreted in accordance with the laws of the State of Michigan, without reference to any conflicts of law principles.  The United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods shall not apply to this Agreement. Seller hereby consents to the exclusive jurisdiction and venue of the Federal and state courts located in the state of Michigan as the exclusive forum for the resolution of disputes.
    10. Seller shall not advertise, publicly announce or provide to any other party information relating to the existence of this Agreement or use Buyer’s name in any format for any promotion, publicity, marketing or advertising purpose, without Buyer’s prior written consent.  All non-public, confidential or proprietary information of Buyer, including but not limited to, specifications, samples, patterns, designs, plans, drawings, material, data, business operations, customer lists, pricing, goods, equipment, apparatus, documents or discounts and rebates, whether disclosed orally or accessed in written, electronic or other form or media, and whether or not marked as “confidential” in connection with this Agreement is confidential, and Seller shall not disclose or make the information available to others without prior written permission of Buyer. Seller shall not to use any of such information for the manufacture or production of products or components for any other party or for Seller.  This Section does not apply to any such information that Seller establishes (a) is already known to Seller at the time of its receipt from Buyer as shown by Seller’s records, (b) is or subsequently becomes available and accessible to the public through no fault of Seller, or (c) is disclosed to Seller by a third party on a non-confidential basis. \
    11. The title to any tangible property, including but not limited to material, goods, equipment, apparatus, documents, and literary property (e.g., drawings, manuscripts, artwork, motion pictures, video programs, and computer software), provided to Seller by Buyer or produced by Seller in submitting a bid or estimate or in carrying out an Order for Buyer shall be vested in Buyer, and Seller agrees to return or deliver such tangible property to Buyer upon request.  Seller hereby expressly assigns to Buyer all copyrights in and to any literary property produced by Seller for Buyer. 
    12. In the event the Agreement relates to consulting Services, the Seller shall be considered a consultant and every work or idea created or acquired by or on behalf of the Seller for Buyer (past and future) shall be considered a “work made for hire” on behalf of the Buyer. It is the intent of the parties that Buyer shall have unrestricted ownership in and to all such works and to any derivative works, without further compensation of any kind to the Seller.  To the extent that the law would fail to automatically vest in Buyer the full unrestricted ownership of all such works under “work made for hire” treatment or similar concepts, the Seller hereby assigns to Buyer the copyright and any and all other rights in and to every such work including any derivatives, and the Seller waives any claim of moral right that it may have in or in connection with such work. 
    13. Buyer and Seller acknowledge that they are each independent contractors and neither shall be deemed an agent or representative of the other or have authority to bind the other in any manner whatsoever.
    14. This Agreement is for the sole benefit of the parties hereto and their respective successors and permitted assigns and nothing herein, express or implied, is intended to or shall confer upon any other person or entity any legal or equitable right, benefit or remedy of any nature whatsoever under or by reason of this Agreement.
    15. During the term of this Agreement and one year following completion of final delivery of the Materials or performance of Services, Seller agrees that it will not, without Buyer’s prior written consent, directly, or indirectly through third parties, employ, solicit, engage or retain the services of Buyer’s employees or personnel. 
    16. Provisions of this Agreement, which by their nature should apply beyond their terms, will remain in force after any termination or expiration of this Agreement.